For more information and publications published outside the most recent report period, please go to the Annual Report, Appendices where we annually update publications, presentations and abstracts associated with PICANet.

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Please use the following format when citing the Annual Reports report:
Paediatric Intensive Care Audit Network Annual Report  (yyyy) (published mm/yyyy): Universities of Leeds and Leicester.




N Engl J Med 2014;370(2): 107-18 A randomized trial of hyperglycaemic control in paediatric intensive care. Macrae D, Grieve R, Allen E, Sadique Z, Morris K, Pappachan J, Parslow R, Tasker RC, Elbourne D
Health Technology Assessment 2014; 18 (26): 1-209 A clinical and economic evaluation of Control of Hyperglycaemia in Paediatric intensive care (CHiP): a randomised controlled trial. Duncan Macrae, Richard Grieve, Elizabeth Allen, Zia Sadique, Helen Betts, Kevin Morris, Vithayathil John Pappachan, Roger Parslow, Robert C Tasker, Paul Baines, Michael Broadhead, Mark L Duthie, Peter-Marc Fortune, David Inwald, Paddy McMaster, Mark J Peters, Margrid Schindler, Carla Guerriero, Deborah Piercy, Zdenek Slavik, Claire Snowdon, Laura Van Dyck and Diana Elbourne
Intensive Care Medicine 2014; 40 (12): 1916-23 Risk of bloodstream infection in children admitted to paediatric intensive care units in England and Wales following emergency inter-hospital transfer. Katie Harron, Quen Mok, Roger Parslow, Berit Muller Pebody, Ruth Gilbert and Padmanabhan Ramnarayan.
BMJ Open 2014;4(11): e006647 Estimating the incidence, prevalence and true cost of asthma in the UK: Secondary analysis of national stand-alone and linked databases in England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales-A study protocol. Mukherjee M, Gupta R, Farr A, Heaven M, Stoddart A, Nwaru BI, Fitzsimmons D, Chamberlain G, Bandyopadhyay A, Fischbacher C, Dibben C, Shields M, Phillips C, Strachan D, Davies G, McKinstry B, Sheikh A, McClelland K, Hamilton K, Burgess K, Stewart R, McVeigh S, Murray P, Gingles J, Maguire J, Kennedy C, Myers J, Doole C, Rosato M, Brunton C, Walsh C, McKeown N, Fitzpatrick S, McLoughlin R, Vitty A, Copyright C, Batchelor J, McShane P, Fleming S, Parslow R, Robinson E, Hickford D, Dingle H, Lloyd-Scott L, Harrison D, Martin P, Hussey L, Agius R, Price D, Von Ziegenweidt J, Carter V, Skinner D, Hutton C, Bathie E, Chisolm A, Been J, Kotz D, Payne R, Julious S, Goodacre S, Devereux G, Steiner M, Weir C, Parker R, Feng Z, McAllister D, Carter R, May L, Limb E, Vidal-Diez A, Carey I, Dickie C, Malloy A, Milligan D, Barclay K, Ho D, Alexander M, Burns G, McAnaw J, Hourcastagné P, Ralph L, Smith A, Walker C, Mikolajczak D, Briggs R, Hopkins L, Wilson L, Bell M, Quirk S, Morris C, Simpson M, Sisk R, Haddow C, Nowell S, Hair D, Duffy A, Robertson I, Pritchard A, Peacock J, Fleming M, Kirby B, Clark D, Caldwell J, Young C, Bailey A, Melrose C, Morrice L, Douglas A, Bromley C, Campbell R, Wierzoch A.
BMJ Quality & Safety 2014; 23 (9): 782-8 Differences in case-mix can influence the comparison of standardised mortality ratios even with optimal risk adjustment: an analysis of data from paediatric intensive care. Manktelow BN, TA Evans, and ES Draper.
Critical care medicine 2015;43(5):1070-78 Monitoring Quality of Care Through Linkage of Administrative Data: National Trends in Bloodstream Infection in U.K. PICUs 2003-2012. Harron K, Parslow R, Mok Q, Tibby SM, Wade A, Muller-Pebody B, Gilbert R.
BMJ Open 2015;  5 (8): e008118 Data linkage errors in hospital administrative data when applying a pseudonymisation algorithm to paediatric intensive care records. Hagger-Johnson G, K Harron, T Fleming, R Gilbert, H Goldstein, R Landy, RC Parslow
Resuscitation 2015; 97: 122-128 Observational study of children admitted to United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland Paediatric Intensive Care Units after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Scholefield, B.R., F. Gao, H.P. Duncan, R.C. Tasker, R.C. Parslow, E.S. Draper, P. McShane, P. Davies, K.P. Morris
Seizure: European Journal of Epilepsy 2015; 29: 153-161 Admissions to paediatric intensive care units (PICU) with refractory convulsive status epilepticus (RCSE): A two-year multi-centre study. Tully, I., E.S. Draper, C.R. Lamming, D. Mattison, C. Thomas, T. Martland, R. Appleton
Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal (2017). 36 (3): 339-342.


Intensive Care Admissions for Children With Enterovirus and Human Parechovirus Infections in the United Kingdom and The Republic of Ireland,2010-2014 Braccio S., Kapetanstrataki M., Sharland M., & LadhaniI S.N.
Critical Care Medicine (2017), 45(6), 1045-1053. doi:10.1097/CCM.0000000000002369 Outcomes for Children Receiving Non-invasive Ventilation as the First-Line Mode of Mechanical Ventilation at Intensive Care Admission: A Propensity Score-Matched Cohort Study. Morris, J. V., Ramnarayan, P., Parslow, R. C., & Fleming, S. J.
Archives of Disease in Childhood (2016). 101 (9): 798-802. Is it taking longer to die in paediatric intensive care in England and Wales? Plunkett, A., & Parslow, R. C.
Journal of the American Heart Association (2016). 5 (5): e003369. Death and Emergency Readmission of Infants Discharged After Interventions for Congenital Heart Disease: A National Study of 7643 Infants to Inform Service Improvement. Sonya Crowe, Deborah A Ridout, Rachel Knowles, Jenifer Tregay, Jo Wray, David J Barron, David Cunningham, Roger C Parslow, Martin Utley, Rodney Franklin, Catherine Bull, Katherine L Brown
PLOS ONE (2016). 11 (3): e0151348 Generalisability and Cost-Impact of Antibiotic-Impregnated Central Venous Catheters for Reducing Risk of Bloodstream Infection in Paediatric Intensive Care Units in England. Harron, K., Mok, Q., Hughes, D., Muller-Pebody, B., Parslow, R., Ramnarayan, P., & Gilbert, R.
Archives of Disease in Childhood (2016). 101 (2): 140-146. Admission to hospital for bronchiolitis in England: Trends over five decades, geographical variation and association with perinatal characteristics and subsequent asthma. C A Green; D Yeates; A Goldacre; C Sande; R C Parslow; P McShane; A J Pollard; M J Goldacre